State and Local Tax Question:

State and Local Tax Question:

9. There is a variance in how the states approach the unitaryprincipal which is discussed in the book? For example, Arizonaadopts to the “Operational Interdependence Test. Can the Staterules be less stringent than the federal concept of unitary? Morestringent?


A country may said to possess either a unitary or ferferalsystem.

In a unitary system the only level of government besides thecentral is the local or municipal government. Although localgovernments may enjoy considerable autonomy, their powers are notaccorded constitutional status. The central goverment is supremeand the adminstrative divisions exercise only powers that thecentral goverment has delegated to thm

A federal system is one which that divided the power ofgoverment between the national goverment and the state and localgoverments . State or provinces  in federal systems alsohave their own constitutions that define the institutions of theirrespective governments, as well as the powers that are devolvedfurther to their local governments.

State rules can be less or more stringent that the federalconcept of unitary. States or provinces have constitutionallyprotected sovereignty with the central goverment having finaljuridiction over a broad range shared sovereignty is a hallmark offederalism.

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