How can both clay and ice crys

How can both clay and ice crystals enhance chemical reactionsnecessary to form complex organic molecules?


Both have highly reactive surfaces that help to lower the energyof activation for reactions that form complex organicmolecules.


Both trap the water needed in reactions that result in organicmolecules.


Both have the necessary elements to form amino acids.


Both have microscopic spaces that help to concentrate reagents,facilitating reactions involving those reagents.



D. Both have microscopicspaces that help to concentrate reagents, facilitating reactionsinvolving those reagents.

Clay minerals are aluminosilicates.Most of them are classified as phyllosilicates, having layeredstructures comprising tetrahedral silicate and octahedral aluminatesheets. The cation exchange capacity, intercalation, and swellingproperties make smectite clays unique and are important factors intheir activity for various reactions of organic molecules. lowwater contents behave as acids. Cation-exchanged montmorillonitesact as strong Bronsted acids, where the reactive protons arederived from the dissociation of hydrated water molecules becauseof polarization by exchangeable cations.

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