# Directions: Use the Crosstabs

Directions: Use the Crosstabs option in the Descriptives menu to answer the questions based on the following scenario. (Be sure to select Chi-square from the Statistics submenu and Observed, Expected, Row, and Column in the Cells submenu. Assume a level of significance of .05) The school district recently adopted the use of e-textbooks, and the superintendent is interested in determining the level of satisfaction with e-textbooks among students and if there is a relationship between the level of satisfaction and student classification. The superintendent selected a sample of students from one high school and asked them how satisfied they were with the use of e-textbooks.

The data that were collected are presented

Student Classification (N = 128)

Satisfied Yes Freshman 20; Sophomore 21; Junior 11; Senior 13

No Freshman 11: Sophomore 7; Junior 23; Senior 22

1. Of the students that were satisfied, what percent were Freshmen, Sophomore, Junior, and Senior? (Round your final answer to 1 decimal place).

2. State an appropriate null hypothesis for this analysis.

3. What is the value of the chi-square statistic?

4. What are the reported degrees of freedom?

5. What is the reported level of significance?

6. Based on the results of the chi-square test of independence, is there an association between e-textbook satisfaction and academic classification?

7. Present the results as they might appear in an article.

We have used SPSS to generate the result. Following are thescreenshots how be performed analysis:

1. First we entered the data in SPSS

1 = Freshman, 2= Sophomore, 3 = Junior, and 4 =Senior

0 = No and 1 = Yes

2. Crosstab option is selected from analyze drop-down menu

3. Chi Square Test box is ticked under Crosstab dialog box

4. For calculating row, column, and total percentages, Row,Column, and Total options are ticked under Crosstab: Cell displaydialog box

4. Click Ok to see the result.

From the aboveSPSS output, it can be seen that of the students that weresatisfied, 30.8% were Freshmen, 32.3% were Sophomore, 16.9% wereJunior, and 20% were Senior.

Null Hypothesis: There is no association between e-textbooksatisfaction and academic classification

Alternative Hypothesis: There is association between e-textbooksatisfaction and academic classification

From the above SPSS Chi-Square Tests output, it can be seen thatvalue of Chi Square statistics is 16.135

From the above SPSS Chi-Square Tests output, it can be seen thatthe reported degrees of freedom is 3

From the above SPSS Chi-Square Tests output, it can be seen thatthe reported level of significance 0.001

##### "Our Prices Start at \$11.99. As Our First Client, Use Coupon Code GET15 to claim 15% Discount This Month!!"
Calculate the price
Pages (550 words)
\$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with brilliantassignmenthelp.com
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat